Linux man pages : setreuid (2)
SETREUID(2) Linux Programmer's Manual SETREUID(2)
setreuid, setregid - set real and/or effective user or group ID
int setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid);
int setregid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid);
setreuid sets real and effective user IDs of the current process.
Unprivileged users may only set the real user ID to the real user ID or
the effective user ID, and may only set the effective user ID to the
real user ID, the effective user ID or the saved user ID.
Supplying a value of -1 for either the real or effective user ID forces
the system to leave that ID unchanged.
If the real user ID is set or the effective user ID is set to a value
not equal to the previous real user ID, the saved user ID will be set
to the new effective user ID.
Completely analogously, setregid sets real and effective group ID's of
the current process, and all of the above holds with "group" instead of
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
EPERM The current process is not the super-user and changes other than
(i) swapping the effective user (group) ID with the real user
(group) ID, or (ii) setting one to the value of the other or
(iii) setting the effective user (group) ID to the value of the
saved user (group) ID was specified.
Setting the effective user (group) ID to the saved user ID is possible
since Linux 1.1.37 (1.1.38).
BSD 4.3 (the setreuid and setregid function calls first appeared in
getuid(2), getgid(2), setuid(2), setgid(2), seteuid(2), setresuid(2)
Linux 1.1.38 1994-08-02 SETREUID(2)