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FreeBSD man pages : fpsetmask (3)
FPGETROUND(3)	       FreeBSD Library Functions Manual 	 FPGETROUND(3)


fpgetround, fpsetround, fpsetprec, fpgetprec, fpgetmask, fpsetmask, fpgetsticky, fpresetsticky - IEEE floating point interface


#include <ieeefp.h> typedef enum { FP_RN, /* round to nearest */ FP_RM, /* round down to minus infinity */ FP_RP, /* round up to plus infinity */ FP_RZ /* truncate */ } fp_rnd_t; fp_rnd_t fpgetround(void); fp_rnd_t fpsetround(fp_rnd_t direction); typedef enum { FP_PS, /* 24 bit (single-precision) */ FP_PRS, /* reserved */ FP_PD, /* 53 bit (double-precision) */ FP_PE /* 64 bit (extended-precision) */ } fp_prec_t; fp_prec_t fpgetprec(void); fp_prec_t fpsetprec(fp_prec_t precision); #define fp_except_t int #define FP_X_INV 0x01 /* invalid operation */ #define FP_X_DNML 0x02 /* denormal */ #define FP_X_DZ 0x04 /* zero divide */ #define FP_X_OFL 0x08 /* overflow */ #define FP_X_UFL 0x10 /* underflow */ #define FP_X_IMP 0x20 /* (im)precision */ #define FP_X_STK 0x40 /* stack fault */ fp_except_t fpgetmask(void); fp_except_t fpsetmask(fp_except_t mask); fp_except_t fpgetsticky(void); fp_except_t fpresetsticky(fp_except_t sticky);


When a floating point exception is detected, the exception sticky flag is set and the exception mask is tested. If the mask is set, then a trap occurs. These routines allow both setting the floating point exception masks, and resetting the exception sticky flags after an exception is detected. In addition, they allow setting the floating point rounding mode and precision. The fpgetround() function returns the current floating point rounding mode. The fpsetround() function sets the floating point rounding mode and returns the previous mode. The fpgetprec() function returns the current floating point precision. The fpsetprec() function sets the floating point precision and returns the previous precision. The fpgetmask() function returns the current floating point exception masks. The fpsetmask() function sets the floating point exception masks and returns the previous masks. The fpgetsticky() function returns the current floating point sticky flags. The fpresetsticky() function clears the floating point sticky flags and returns the previous flags. Sample code which prevents a trap on divide-by-zero: fpsetmask(~FP_X_DZ); a = 1.0; b = 0; c = a / b; fpresetsticky(FP_X_DZ); fpsetmask(FP_X_DZ);




After a floating point exception and before a mask is set, the sticky flags must be reset. If another exception occurs before the sticky flags are reset, then a wrong exception type may be signaled.


These routines are based on SysV/386 routines of the same name. FreeBSD 4.8 August 23, 1993 FreeBSD 4.8